(Cucumis melo L.)
Melon (Cucumis melo L.) is
a fruit that is included in the tribe-pumpkin
Labuan or Cucurbitaceae. Basanya melon fruit
eaten fresh or can be to mix drinks fresh. The
part eaten is the fruit flesh (mesokarp). Their
texture is soft, white to red, yellow and there
is also dependent kultivarnya. Melon (Cucumis
melo L.) is a plant family Cucurbitaceae including
fruit and fruits melons come from the Valley
Popular Persian or Mediterranean region which
is the border between West Asia with Europe
and Africa. And this plant eventually spread
into the Middle East and into Europe. In the
14th century melons brought to America by Columbus
and eventually cultivated area in Colorado,
California, and Texas. Finally melons spread
all over the world especially in the tropics
and subtropics including Indonesia.
Agribusiness melon show promising prospects
but if not managed properly and professionally
then the farmers can also be a loss.
Image: Fruit Melon
Species: C. melo
Cucumis melo L.
Melon Planting Center
Indonesia Sebalum 1980s pertained
Melon importing country, because the melon promising
business in Indonesia and many agribusiness
companies that tried to grow melons for the
cultivated area Kalianda (Lampung) and Cisarua
(Bogor), they planted varieties of melons of
America, Taiwan, France, Denmark, Japan , Netherlands,
China, and Germany.
Then the melons grown in Madiun,
Ponorogo, Ngawi until the ex-residency of Surakarta
(of Sragen, Karanganyar, Boyolali, Klaten Sukoharjodan).
These areas are the largest supplier of melon
fruit than in the Kalianda and Cisarua .
Melon is very diverse, especially
seen from the form of fruit. There are eight
groups of culture ('cultivar group') in this
species. Three of the most popular are
Reticulatus (melon commonly known, the fruit
skin is usually "berjala"), Inodorus
(melon 'Honeydew', which is oval shaped with
wrinkled skin) and Cantalupensis (therein including
cantaloupe, true European cantaloupe). There
is one other group whose fruits are also eaten,
The types of melons are famous
are: Melon Surprise (1876); melon sill Hybrid
(1870); melon Christianism (1850); Ivondequoit
melon, netted Gem, Hacken Sack, Miller Cream,
and Osage (1881-1890); melon Honey Rock and
Improved perfecto (1933); melon Imperial (1935);
melon Queen of Colorado and Honey Gold (1939).
To facilitate the planting and grouping system
cantaloupe, honeydew experts classify into two
1. Varieties: (1) Cucumis melo var. inodorous,
smooth rind, fruit length with a diameter of
2.5 to 7.5 cm, (2) Cucumis melo var. flexuosus,
smoother fruit surface, fruit length between
35-70 cm, (3rd), Cucumis melo var. dudain, small
size, often for decorative plants, (4) Cucumis
melo var. Chito, the size of a lemon fruit,
often used as an ornamental plant.
2.Ciri traits: fruit skin smooth,
shiny and fragrant aroma of fruit not; slow
to mature fruit of 90-120 days; easily damaged
and not durable to be stored; type of melon
is often used as an ornamental plant.
Varieties Melon ....... ( klik here ) ********
b. Type of netted-melon
1. Varieties: (1) Cucumis melo var. reticulatus,
small fruits, such as nets and fragrant deep,
(2) Cucumis melo var. cantelupensis, large fruit,
skin scaly and fragrant.
2. Characteristics: fruit leather
hard, rough, deeply and themes such nets (net);
relatively more fragrant aroma compared with
winter-melon; cook faster between 75-90 days;
durable and durable for storage.
Melon Fruit Benefits
Sebaga utilized melon fruit fresh food with
vitamin C is high enough.
melon fruit on the fruit used for dessert after
a meal, to a mixture of fresh fruit drinks,
Keep in full sun exposure during growth. The
influence of climate that affect plant growth
a.Tanaman melons require full
solar radiation during growth.
b. Melon plants require a cool, dry temperatures
for growth. Growth temperature for planting
melons between 25-30 degrees C. Melon plants
can not grow if less than 18 degrees C
Air c.Kelembaban indirectly affect the growth
of melon plants. In high humidity melon crops
vulnerable to disease.
d. The rain continued fruit will abort candidates
that have been formed and can also make conditions
favorable environment for pathogens. When the
melon crop before harvest, will reduce the sugar
content in fruit. .
e. The wind is blowing hard enough to damage
the melon crop, can break the leaf stalk, fruit
stalk and stems of plants.
a.Tanaman melon basically requires
a lot of water. However, should it come from
irrigation water, not from rain water.
b. Melon plants will grow well if the pH from
5.8 to 7.2
c. Good soil for melon cultivation is sandy
clay which contains organic materials to facilitate
the plant roots to grow melons. Melon plants
do not like the ground is too wet
Plant melons can grow quite well at an altitude
of 300-900 meters above sea level. If the height
of more than 900 meters above sea level does
not produce an optimum crop.
FOR MELON FARMING
Healthy melon plants and produce optimum derived
from plant seeds are healthy, strong and well-preserved
initially. Seeds were soaked into a solution
of Furadan and Atonik for 2 (two) hours. Good
seed at the bottom of water, and seeds the less
good will float on water surface. Therefore,
seeding is the key to the success of an agribusiness
Preparation of Seeds
a. Procurement of generative seed
Generative phase is marked by discharge rates.
In this phase the plant requires a lot of the
elements phosphorus for strengthening roots
and form the seeds in the fruit. In this phase
when the plants in a healthy condition, then
the nets on fruit is expected to appear equally.
To support the growth of generative plants sprayed
with foliar fertilizer Complesal super tonic
(red) with a concentration of 2 g / liter once
a week. To prevent deficiencies of calcium and
boron element of the plants sprayed with foliar
fertilizer Ferti-cal with the concentration
of 2 ml / liter or Cab with a concentration
of 2 ml / liter.
b. Source seed
To plant melon seeds we must know the source
first. We recommend that you always use the
original seed (F1 hybrid).
c. Procurement of seeds
through vegetative (tissue culture)
With tissue culture method, the selection of
planting media and explant source used must
be appropriate to give maximum results. The
basic medium used is composed of salts based
on the composition of Murashige & Skoog
(1962) with the addition of thiamin 0.04 mg
/ liter, myo-inositol 100 mg / liter, surkosa
30 grams / liter of various combinations of
plant hormones were added in accordance with
the treatment. Media made in solid form with
the addition for bacto 8 grams / liter, pH 5.7
media created with the addition of 0.1 N NaOH
or HCl media sterilization by autoclave pressurized
17.5 psi, the temperature of 120 degrees C for
30 menit.Tanaman obtained from tissue culture
to form the male flowers and female flowers
separti as plants derived from seed.
d. How to seed storage
Seeds should be stored in a dry place and a
place to store seeds can be made simple nursery
house because considering the age of the seeds
only for 10-14 days, because to protect the
young plant seeds from the hot sun, rain water,
and pest and disease attack. Alas the home nursery,
where coated paper is placed newspaper polybags
for seedling roots did not penetrate into the
e. Needs seed
Seed required in accordance with a planting
plus 10% for reserve stitching.
f. Seed treatment
Melon seed treatment requires a much simpler
compared with non-seed watermelon seed. This
is because the skin is thin enough so that the
melon does not need extra treatment. Treatment
for melon seed is washing, soaking, and seed
TECHNIQUE seeding MELON
a. Making Media for the Nursery
Melon including plants that are not too demanding
media-specific seedling pembibitannya. Medium
can be made with variations, for example by
mixing soil, sand and manure or compost, as
long as such comparison 1:1:1. To get the melon
seeds are sturdy and healthy then the exact
composition of the seedling medium consisting
of a mixture of soil, manure, fertilizer SP-36
or NPK plus carbofuran ..
b. Ways and seeding time
Melon seeds to be planted, first soaked in water
for 2-4 hours. Then the seeds planted in a plastic
bag, that has been filled soil and manure are
mixed with the ratio 5: 1. Seeds planted in
an upright position and the tip facing down
roots candidate. Seeds covered with a mixture
of rice husk ash and soil with a ratio of 2:1
which has been prepared, so that plants can
grow well, do not easily fall down. To stimulate
germination of seeds by creating a warm atmosphere
then close the surface of the seedbed with wet
burlap sacks. If the sprouts have emerged seedling
media surface (on day-3 or the 4th) burlap sack
can then be opened
Rearing Breeding / seeding
After sowing seeds in polybag seedlings will
grow into a candidate, and must receive proper
maintenance in order to become healthy melon
seedlings and stocky.
a. How and When Watering
Seeds dipersemaian in flush every morning. Starting
from the sprouts did not emerge until seedlings
emerge soil surface. Spray tanks used for watering.
When spray for watering not too strong because
it will erode the soil media and throw the seed
or sprout out of the polybags. When the true
leaves come out, watering the new seeds can
be embrat or gembor. When the weather is hot,
dry soil in polybags and watering should be
repeated in the afternoon, do not water the
seedlings during the day because it will cause
water and nutrients can not be absorbed as a
result of seedlings being thin, dry and withered.
Thinning was conducted in order to prepare the
seeds of healthy and stocky to be planted. Thinning
was started 3 days before planting seedlings
to the field. Seedlings that have gathered into
one uniform growth. The seeds of that growth
is removed and planted pine.
For seedling vegetative growth can be stimulated
by spraying foliar fertilizer containing a high
nitrogen. Foliar fertilizer is done once, namely
when the HSS 7-9 seedlings with concentrations
from 1.0 to 1.5 grams / liter. Fertilizer root
form of chemical fertilizers and organic fertilizers
do not need to be added during the seeding because
of fertilizer given to the media root seedlings
have been sufficient. Suggested use KNO3 fertilizer.
d. Provision of Pesticides
In The Nursery
At the time of pesticide spraying nursery conducted
if deemed necessary. Full concentration will
cause the leaves are burnt melon seeds (plasmolysis).
The dose when using the tank 12 liters of pesticide
bottle cap with 2-3 .. Penyomprotan is done
mainly during 2-3 days before the seedlings
are planted in the field. Examples of pesticide
used is insecticide Dicarzol 0.5 g / liter and
fungicide Previcur N 1.0 ml / liter.
TRANSFER OF SEED
Melon seeds moved into the field when it is
leafless 4-5 pieces or melon plants were 10-12
days old. How to transfer was not different
from the way the transfer of other plants, ie
plastic bags polybags are carefully removed
and the soil below seed planted in beds that
have been drilled before, bedenganpun do not
let a lack of water.
Media Processing Plant
a. Soil Analysis
Based on the facts in the field melon crops
can be grown on various types of soil, especially
soil andosol, latosol regosol, and grumosol,
provided that lack of soil properties can be
manipulated by liming, the addition of organic
materials, and fertilizing.
b. Soil pH Measurement
Measurement of soil pH by using pH meter. Land
to be on measuring wetted first. Sampling was
conducted in 10 different points, then calculated
the average pH, although sometimes this method
does not fully represent the average pH of the
soil, but it is still better so that we could
treat the land more wisely.
c. Determination of
Determination of the planting area is closely
related to the ownership of capital, land area
available, the season and market demand. Melon
plants cultivated in open land in the rainy
season will break down to disease because rain
washed constantly. So planting melons in the
wet season is more directed to the hydroponic
system or at least when put through planting
in the rainy season it must be ready funds for
d.The timing of planting
/ Schedule Planted
The timing of planting associated with the estimated
time of harvest a melon varieties planted and
other melon varieties at harvest so that farmers
and agribusiness entrepreneurs need to schedule
the time of the desired crop varieties of melons
e. Production Volume
Setting the volume of production is closely
related to the estimated price at harvest and
market demand. How melon planting done in stages.
For example the first planting of 20% in location
A, the second 40% in location B, and the third
40% in location C. Planting intervals ranging
from 2 weeks. This setting is commonly done
in agribusiness melon by hydroponic system.
To maintain continuity of production, usually
1-2 weeks later using the earnings interval.
On the other hand this method can also arrange
For planting melons in medium-high plateau,
the soil structure is usually very crumbs so
it does not require piracy. Land should be plowed
first flooded overnight, then the next day made
piracy is enough to turn the soil so that adequate
feedback is done once with a depth of about
b. As well as raking
and cultivation Land Land Left Ready Planted
For the ground-breaking and raking, the soil
should be fairly dry conditions. Because we
can easily establish that the original soil
berbongkah and enough clay-boulders, soil-crumbs
and enough beremah den (easily absorbed by water).
With the land will be beneficial plants. In
addition to simple roots penetrate the soil,
will also be easier to breathe.
are as follows:
1. At first do the reversal of land (land still
2. Land of the ground-breaking mashed or crushed,
with a depth of Â ± 30-50 cm. (For
two times cangkulan)
3. Conducted ground-breaking land if things
really are categorized into heavy soil. If not,
once is enough land beremah hoes and we can
do another job.
Formation of beds
a. Making way
Over 5-7 days allowed to dry land after a hijacked
(or behind). This process will make the soil
becomes sticky and berbongkah after hijacked
a bit devastated by experiencing the process
of sun drying and aeration. During this process
several chemical compounds that are toxic and
harmful plants and will disappear slowly. Once
dry, the soil blocks made map with rope to form
beds with a maximum length beds 12-15 m; beds
30-50 cm tall; 100-110 cm wide beds, and 55-65
cm wide moat.
b. Shape beds
Beds formed by chunks of land hoe menjandi crumb
soil structure / loose. When has the form of
beds look, be it beds rough / semi-finished
beds are dikeringanginkan again for a week for
a process of oxidation / evaporation of toxic
elements exist until disappears completely.
c. Size and Distance
With a maximum length of 15 m it will simplify
maintenance and speed up the disposal of water
plants, especially in the rainy season. High
beds made in accordance with the seasons and
soil conditions. In the rainy season 50 cm high
beds for plant roots are not immersed in water
when heavy rains. And in the dry season is 30
cm high beds, because in order to facilitate
maintenance during beds drowned. Trench made
by 55-65 cm wide is to facilitate care at the
time of spraying, mounting stake, and roping.
With liming will increase calcium
nutrients necessary for plant cell walls. Calcification
can use dolomite / calmag (CaCO3 MgCO3) calcite
/ kaptan (CaCO3). Having acquired an average
pH, determination needs to be done by using
the following data:
a) the <4.0 (most acidic): the amount of
lime> 10.24 tons / ha
b) 4.2 (extremely acid): the amount of lime
9.28 tonnes / ha
c) 4.6 (acid): the amount of lime 7.39 tons
d) 5.4 (acid): the amount of lime 3.60 tonnes
e) 5.6 (slightly acidic): the amount of lime
2.65 tonnes / ha
f) 6.1 to 6.4 (slightly acidic): the amount
of lime <0.75 tons / ha
Installation of Plastic Mulch
PHP mulch consisting of two
layers, namely a silver lining in the top and
bottom black colors with various advantages.
Silver color on the mulch will reflect sunlight
so that the process became more optimal photosynthesis,
crop conditions are not too moist, reduces attack
of disease, and repel insects such as plant
penggangu Thirps and Aphids. While the black
color of mulch will absorb the heat so the temperature
in plant roots is warm. Consequently, root development
will be optimal. Besides the black color also
prevents sunlight penetrate into the soil so
that weed seeds will not grow (except bananas
puzzles and children).
PHP Installation of mulch should
be done at the time blazing hot sun for mulch
beds to expand so close properly. Technical
installations simply by 2 people for a single
bed. How pull both ends of mulch on beds, tie
one end on the beds using a wedge clamp mulch
then the other end. After both ends of the closely
related PHP mulch on beds, by simultaneously
pull the mulch beds on both sides of each meter
simultaneously. Tie both sides of the beds with
mulch and pegs clamp so that all sides had been
meeting on the relevant mulch beds. After finishing
installation, seedbed mulch-covered beds left
PHP for 3-5 days before a planting hole. The
objective for a given chemical fertilizer can
be turned into a form available that can be
absorbed by plants.
MELON PLANTING TECHNIQUE
Determination of Planting
Plant melons are seasonal crops are usually
planted with monoculture pattern.
Hole Making Plant
To make the planting hole using a plate heater
or utilize ex-cans condensed milk. Plate heater
in the form of metal pieces with a diameter
of 10 cm, made in such a way that the heat generated
from the burning charcoal can punch mulch PHP
quickly. Planting model can be two rows facing
each other form a rectangle ati he Baros, face
to face forming a triangle.
Seedlings that have been in seedling + 3 weeks
and moved into a large medium. Root crops are
not cultivated until damaged when ripping small
polybags. Prints soils already contain the seeds
of melon, which has been placed on the hole
ditugal and labored to no broken / destroyed
because it can cause damage to the roots and
the plant will wilt if a hot day.
Melon plants Plant
Spacing and stitching
Thinning and stitching done if within 2 (two)
weeks after planting seedlings did not show
normal growth. Plant roots are removed and then
replaced with the seed / the new plant. This
is best done in the evening for the young plants
can better adapt to his new environment. Stitching
and thinning is usually done for 3-5 days, because
of the possibility in the first week there are
other plants that need to be embroidered. Currently
after thinning and stitching a new plant should
be drenched with water.
In melon cultivation system PHP penyiangannya
mulch made on the planting hole and trench between
the two beds. Weeds are not cleaned causing
planting moist environment that stimulates the
disease. Weeds also can be a host of pests and
To hoarding of land around the plant we first
do is to start fertilizing and sterilize land
there. The goal is after the land cultivated
and nurtured, the land will become fertile and
will be free from pests and diseases. When do
fertilization, soil previously treated, has
dikelentang for 2 weeks. That way, the expected
long enough land is exposed to hot sun, was
well enough to be planted.
Perempelan made to the bud / branch water is
not the main branch.
Fertilization in Melon
Fertilization given 3 times,
ie 20 days after planting, the plants aged 40
days (when will perform thinning fruit) and
at plants aged 60 days (when stepping on the
ripening process). How spread evenly over the
soil bed on the left and right edge (10-15 cm).
Then the soil behind it carefully so as not
to damage the plant roots, and so that fertilizer
can be safely buried in the soil. To facilitate
in fertilization, made a series of data about
fertilization from the outset.
a) Manure / compost: fertilizer base = 10-20
tonnes / ha.
b) Urea: basal fertilizer = 440 kg / ha; fertilizer
aftershocks I = 330 kg / ha; fertilizer aftershocks
II = 220 kg / ha; fertilizer aftershocks III
= 440 kg / ha.
c) TSP: fertilizer base = 1200 kg / ha; fertilizer
aftershocks I = 220 kg / ha; fertilizer aftershocks
II = 550 kg / ha.
d) KCl: fertilizer base = 330-440 kg / ha; fertilizer
aftershocks II = 160 kg / ha.
Description basal fertilizer:
fertilizer on soil management (before planting);
fertilizer aftershocks I: age Â ±
20 days; fertilizer aftershocks II: age + 40
days; fertilizer aftershocks III: age + 60 days.
Irrigation and Watering
Melon plants require a dry air for growth, but
the soil must be moist. Watering should be done
if the day does not rain. Watering done in the
afternoon or evening.
Plants in the flush from the time of plant growth,
until the plants will be picked fruit. When
watering not to wet the leaves and spray water
from ground water not affected by leaf and fruit.
Aim is to ensure that plants are not afflicted
by diseases originating from the spark, if wet
leaves will invite a huge mushroom. Watering
was done early in the morning or at night. Therefore,
there is irrigation in the surrounding garden
Left of Pesticide Spraying
a. Preventive measures, the
seeds were soaked in bactericidal solution Agrimycin
(Oxytetracycline and streptomycin sulfate) or
Agrept (streptomycin sulfate) with a concentration
of 1.2 grams / liter and spraying bactericidal
at age 20 HST.
b. Spraying fungicides Previcur
N (propamocarb hydrochloride) with a concentration
of 2-3 ml / liter if the attack had passed the
c. Derasol 500 SC fungicide
(carbendazim) with a concentration of 1-2 ml
/ liter. Base of the stem is attacked dioles
with fungicide solution Calixin 750 EC (tridemorph)
with a concentration of 5 ml / liter.
a. Marking Installation
Stake or stick of wood or bamboo blade, for
propagation can be installed to finish creating
pembubunan and finished sterilize garden. Or
can also stake mounted after the seed is planted,
and seedlings have issued a tendril-sulurnya
height is approximately 50 cm. Stake must be
made of strong materials that can withstand
the load of fruit with a weight of approximately
2-3 kg. Ditancapkannya place marker with a distance
of approximately 25 cm from the edge of both
right and left guludan. To be more robust marker
again, we can add a length of bamboo which is
placed at the top of the triangle between the
bamboo or wooden crosses, following the line
of marker-marker behind.
Trimming is done on melon plants aim to maintain
in accordance with the desired branch. Plant
height was made on average between the 20 th
point until the 25th (the section, branch or
a book of these plants). Prune if sunny and
dry air, so that the scars are not attacked
by fungi. When pruning is done every 10 days,
the earliest is a branch cut close to the ground
and leaving two leaves, then the branches that
grow and then trimmed with leaves 2 leaves.
Pruning is stopped, if the height of the plants
had reached the branch into the 20 or 25.
Melon crops Pests and
Melon crop pests
a.Thirps (Thirps parvispinus
Feature: These pests attack the current phase
of the seedling to mature plants. Nymph thirps
yellowish and blackish brown thirps adult. Thirps
proliferate very rapidly in parthenogenetic
(able to bear offspring but not married). The
attack carried out in the dry season. Symptoms:
young leaves or new shoots become curly, and
bercaknya yellowish; plants curling and stunted
and unable to form normal fruit. If these symptoms
are present to watch out for having contracted
the virus that brought thirps pests. Control:
spray with a contact poison, 3-4 days
b.Kutu aphids (Aphis gossypii
Feature: These pests have the lymph fluid that
contains honey and viewed from a distance shiny.
This pest attacks the melon crop in the field
planting. Aphids are attacking young melons
are yellow, while the adults have wings and
somewhat blackish in color. Symptoms: leaf roll
plants and shoots of plants become dry due to
fluid smoked leaf pests. Control: (1) weeds
must be cleaned to avoid a host of pests, (2)
severely infected plants should be sprayed with
insecticide Perfekthion simultaneously 400th
of EC (dimethoate) with a concentration of 1.0-2.0
ml / liter, (3rd) plants that had been infected
with the virus should be removed and burned
Diseases of Melon plants
a. Stem base rot (gummy stem
Cause: Fungus Mycophaerekka melonis (Passerini),
Chiu et Walker. Symptoms: base of the stem is
attacked at first like a submerged oil and then
came out red-brown colored mucus and then plants
wither and die; leaves of affected plants will
dry up when kneaded like crackers and crackle-crackle
sound when the wind. Control: (1) the use of
PHP mulch to prevent moisture around the base
of the stem and prevent injuries in the roots
and base of the stem as weeding, (2) the leaves
of infected plants cleaned and sprayed with
Derasol 500 SC fungicide (carbendazim) with
concentration 1 - 2 ml / liter; (3) base of
the stem is attacked dioles with fungicide solution
Calixin 750 EC (tridemorph) with a concentration
of 5 m / liter.
Cause: bacteria Erwina tracheiphila E.F.Sm.
This disease can be spread by intermediaries-Oteng
Oteng leaf beetle (Aulacophora femoralis Motschulsky).
Symptoms: The leaves and branches wilt and shrinkage
occurs in the leaves, leaf color yellow, dry
up and eventually die; leaf wilting plants one
by one, even though the color is still green,
then withered plants overall. If the plant stem
is cut crosswise will issue a white thick and
sticky mucus can even be drawn like a thread.
Control: (1) before planting, land sterilized
with Basamid G with dose of 40 g/m2, (2) soak
the seeds in the bactericidal Agrimyciin (Oxytetracycline
and streptomycin sulfate) or Agrept (streptomycin
sulfate) with a concentration of 1.2 grams /
liter; (3) spraying this bactericidal at age
Weed (plant pests) harm plants, because nutrients
compete, grow and light the place. Cancellation
of the weeds must be done since the plants are
still small, because if it would damage the
roots of melon plants.
a. Signs / feature
appearances Ready to Harvest Crops
1. Yellowish green skin color
2. Fiber nets on fruit skin is very real / rough
3.Ukuran fruit in accordance with the normal
b. Harvest + 3 months
c. Harvesting is a
good time in the morning.
How to Harvest
a. Cut the stem of melon with
a knife, reserving at least 2.0 cm to extend
the shelf life fruit
b. Stalk-shaped cut the letter "T",
ie for the fruit stalks intact and both sides
it is the leaf stalk has been cut leaves.
c. Harvesting is done in stages, with emphasis
on fruits that have actually been ready for
d. The fruit has been harvested is collected
in one place to be sorted. Fruit damage due
to knock / other physical disability, should
be avoided because it will reduce the selling
price, especially in supermarkets.
Melon Harvest Period
Harvest is done in stages,
with priority to fruit that is really ready
to harvest. If within the next 3-5 months melon
prices predicted to fall. So an alternative
to crop rotation that can use the land used
to grow melons is chili. Because the available
land does not need to be changed. PHP mulch
only be opened and added to 50% dose fertilization.
If within a period of 4 months
later revealed melon prices rise, then planted
rice paddy land used for one season before planting.
The reason is in terms of kormesial rice plants
less profitable, but in terms of termination
of the life cycle of pests and diseases is very
profitable. This is due to pests and diseases
that suck oxygen (aerobic), will die with waterlogged
soil conditions (anaerobic). After the rice
is finished, the plant will produce melons are
planted high with pest and disease risk is lower.
To determine the amount of
production that will be produced marketing department
must conduct market research. For one hectare
of crop area is expected to produce honeydew
melon 10-15 ton, then harvest it should be done
gradually. For example week I planted area of
2000 m2, the second week of planting area of
2000 m2, and so on. This is for the level of
continuity of production will be achieved and
risks are not terjualnya melon will be spared.
Postharvest a series of activities carried out
after the melon was harvested. In postharvest
handling errors will influence the quality /
appearance of melon.
The fruits of melon that has been harvested
is collected at a site to be sorted. Fruit damage
at harvest should be avoided due to hit or other
physical smallpox, because it would reduce selling
prices primarily for the consumption of a supermarket.
Sorting and classification
Melon that has been harvested,
transported and collected at a place later in
the sorting. Fruit is healthy and intact fruit
is separated from the physical defect or disability
due to pests and diseases. Good-quality melon
and melon in doing the classification based
on three classes.
a. Class M1 namely melon weighing
1.5 kg or more perfectly shaped nets.
b. M2 class of melons weighing
1-1.5 kg webs formed only 70% only.
c. Class M3 is a net weight
of fruit varies with little or no shape at all.
This occurs because the crop is harvested but
not yet dead time in advance due to pest attack.
Melon fruit that has been learned,
should not be stacked with one another, and
fruit that have not been transported can be
stored in the warehouse. Fruit arranged neatly
with the coated straw dry. Fruit storage area
should be clean, dry and free from pests such
as cockroaches or mice. Already too ripe melons
do not put together with a half-ripe fruit (mengkal).
When there are fruits that start away from the
foul must be in storage.
Packaging and Transportation
Packaging for the melon can
be made of ordinary wood, and many have a vent.
How to compile, the base of the box was given
a fairly thick dry straw, hay and melon are
also given at the top of the fruit. Before the
box is closed, melon given layer of straw again.
Apart from the box, packaging
can also use a similar yarn knitted netting,
then inserted in cardboard packaging. The cardboard
was still covered with dry straw or paper debris.
With packaging like this will be more secure
than using a box of wood (the traditional way).
Vehicles used to transport
melons to be brought to market depending on
distance traveled. Fruit that will be exported
are usually packed in special containers made
of wood, cardboard or plastic boxes. On cargo
aircraft, containers melon put into containers
for refrigerator remain fresh fruit if you get
to your destination.
Agribusiness melons should
be done carefully and remain ever vigilant.
Although based on the analysis of melon farming
agribusiness show prospects are promising, but
once the spraying is delayed or other trivial
matters not addressed then the gains that have
to imagine would be gone instantly.
In the era of trade towards
the free market, competition is getting tighter.
Need to look for specific markets in order to
boost the selling price. High-quality fruit
on offer will be eligible to obtain a higher
selling price. Information sought market price
as much as possible before the harvest takes
trading system studied seteliti possible. Endeavored
teRp.endek chain to obtain the highest sale
In addition to having the shape
and taste different, melons box also has a relatively
high economic value. In order to keep the box
melon flavor taste sweet and crisp as the original.
As for the price of melon boxes worth about
Rp 150,000 per seed.
VIEWED in terms of profitability,
cultivate melon crop is promising. Greater advantage
than when farming food crops to another. But
the risk of failure was also continues to overshadow.
Therefore, melon farming requires absolute mastery
of horticultural cultivation technology is mature,
intense, and scrutiny.
Harvest honeydew melon in the
garden Sendangagung Village, District Giriwoyo,
Wonogiri, Monday (8 / 8), mengungkuhkan that
on marginal land to grow any melons grow well,
and gave maximum fruit. Land melon, it was not
technically be in the area of rice fields as
do the farmers in Sukoharjo (Central Java) and
Ngawi (East Java).
"But, farming melons big
capital and the risk of failure too great,"
said farmer Suwardi who doubles as chairman
Sendangagung melon farmer groups.
For a melon, it is necessary
cultivation fund Rp 2,000 to Rp 2,300. Therefore,
for every land ownership, melon farmers in the
area of each growing season requires cultivation
budget of about USD 15 million.
Suwardi said, if later harvest
could provide benefits to Rp 6 million-USD 8
million. Harvest schedule is every 60 days.
Farmers on the melon garden
Sendangagung, had no difficulty in marketing
the production. Because, they can establish
a direct market with traders in Jakarta.
For the moment, whatever the
production of honeydew produced all absorbed
in the capital markets, with an average price
of Rp 2.400/kg.
Other melon farmers, Katno,
claimed to have the land area of 1.5 ha melon
which, when harvested to provide the results
of seven tons to eight tons of fruit.
In improving the welfare of
society at large, especially melon farmers,
the Government set a discretion in selecting
the order type of agricultural crops / horticulture.
Within the scope of the following has been compiled
a few guidelines as follows:
a. Prioritize melon crops of
high economic value, to increase farmers' income
melons, both for domestic and foreign consumption.
b. Giving priority to species
of plants that can provide more employment opportunities.
c. Prioritize melon plants
that have a market prospect and good marketing.
d. Prioritize melon plants
that can enhance the nutritional value of the
Based on the description above,
the melon plant is one of the main priority
crops that need to get the attention of horticultural
crops. Melon fruit has a relatively higher price
compared to horticultural crops in general.
This gives many benefits to farmers or agricultural
entrepreneurs melon plants. And this allows
for improved governance of the Indonesian economy,
particularly from agriculture.
For the classification of quality
standards and requirements applicable products
in the market then we should observe the following:
a) Melon produced should be given a brand, namely,
by attaching a sticker on the fruit;
b) The trust that has been provided by the customer
must be maintained;
c) Market share must be strengthened, and continuity
(sustainability) melon production must be maintained;
d) melon fruit quality (class M1) must be packaged
in such a way as to provide customer satisfaction.
In collecting samples for further production
handling, aged approximately 56-65 HST melon,
melon fruit that are large have an average weight
of 2.5 kg, 1.0 to 2.5 kg of medium size and
small size fruit weight is about 400 gram.
For packaging that can use standard wood box
or can also use a similar yarn knitted nets.
With knitted yarn package to be more secure
than using a wooden box.
Dwi Hartoyo, SP
REFERENCES MELON FARMING
c. melon boxes:
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